Walls That Divide

My son found this interesting written piece taken from the 1978 Pasadena Consultation on Homogeneous Units from the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelism:

… the dividing wall, which Jesus Christ abolished by his death, was echthra, “enmity” or “hostility.” All forms of hatred, scorn, and disrespect between Christians of different backgrounds are forbidden, being totally incompatible with Christ’s reconciling work. But we must go further than this. The wall dividing Jew from Gentile was not only their active reciprocal hatred; it was also their racial and religious alienation symbolized by “the law of commandments and ordinances.” This, too, Jesus abolished, in order to “create in himself one new man in place of two, so making peace” (Eph. 2:15).

The list of those who met in the consultation include a list of then distinguished theologians (John Stott, Peter Wagner, Ralph Winter, etc.).  You need to know that my son works directly with the poor in Edmonton and wrestles with why the church is slow to meaningfully encounter the poor themselves or welcome them into worship services.  Most church goers seem to give to a church budget and expect that their church is doing something for the poor somewhere, feeling comfortable with that as long as they do not have to touch, smell, hear or mingle with the poor themselves.  He has an excellent concern, however in my role I wrestle with how ‘hostility’ divides the Christian community over entrenched theological positions.  Even though we might readily acknowledge that in heaven we’ll be rubbing shoulders with those we’ve put down or shunned here on earth, we put up our own walls of separation.  Peter was forced by Paul to integrate with the Gentiles in Galatians 2.

The paper itself expresses how we are all in some sort of sub-culture.  It is natural to support our own position of perceived correctness and importance.  Our white Western culture has taught, though not necessarily intentionally, that ‘being right’ is more important than ‘doing right’.  This is a judgment the younger generation is making of the Evangelical church today … with some level of justification.  We have generally stayed away from things that might taint us or make us uncomfortable.

We almost never apologize but we easily justify our past and present actions.  We would rather not take time to apologize for looking the other way for the mistreatment of the indigenous, neglecting of the poor, or ignoring deserved equal rights treatment of women or the LGBT.  I’m not saying every aspect of every special interest group deserves our respectful attention.  I know I’ll never be a vegan or match their values, but vegans deserve my respect and they should respect me too.  Perhaps there are even vegan Christians.

Jesus brought down a wall.  I know the theology of that, but there is some practical application of this for which I need to pay attention.  Perhaps the lack of evangelism effort is due to the walls we ourselves have created.  Perhaps our own silo is leaking … and perhaps it should.

Your co-worker,   Dennis


The Polarity Continues

The issue of complimentarianism and egalitarianism continues to be an area of potential conflict within churches and denominations.  My sense is that there are those on both sides of this issue in all churches and all denominations.  The CBWC allows both viewpoints but functions in its internal dealings from the egalitarian perspective.  That being said, it may be awhile before we see a female regional minister due to the positions of some churches and pastors.  The CBWC tent is generally big enough to emphasize responsiveness to the Gospel with some diversity within each setting.  Every family however has a bit of awkwardness when inspected closely.

One cannot merely say, ‘this is what the Bible says’.  The better question is on how we can interpret the Bible … or perhaps on how we might discredit the limited perspective of how someone else interprets the Bible.  The phrase we should use more often is “as I interpret the Bible, it says ….”

Our CBWC pastors are expected as delineated in a protocol manual to treat women and women in ministry with respect.  Not everyone we have admired has been careful with wording on this issue.  What follows are some statements of church fathers where such careless wording today if used by our pastors could lead to measures of discipline by our denominational credentials committee:

“Every woman should be filled with shame by the thought that she is a woman.”   – Clement of Alexandria (2nd Century)

 “Women are the devil’s gateway.”  – Tertullian (2nd Century)

 “God maintained the order of each sex by dividing the business of life into two parts, and assigned the more necessary and beneficial aspects to the man and the less important, inferior matter to the woman.”    – Chrysostom (4th & 5th Centuries)

 “The woman together with her own husband is the image of God, but when she is referred separately, which regards the woman herself alone, then she is not the image of God.”     -Augustine (4th & 5th Centuries)

 “As regards the individual nature, woman is defective and misbegotten, for the active force in the male seed tends to the production of a perfect likeness in the masculine sex; while the production of woman comes from a defect.”  – Thomas Aquinas (13th Century)

 “Because the female sex is more concerned with things of the flesh than men; because being formed from a man’s rib, they are only imperfect animals and crooked whereas man belongs to a privileged sex from whose midst Christ emerged.” – Malleus Maleficarum / “The Hammer of Witches” (15th Century)

 “Girls begin to talk and to stand on their feet sooner than boys because weeds always grow up more quickly than good crops.”  – Martin Luther (16th Century)

 “Since God was thinking of the man, it certainly follows that the woman is only an accessory.  And why?  Because she was only created for the sake of man, and she must therefore direct her whole life toward him.”  – John Calvin (16th Century)

 “Nature I say, paints women further to be weak, frail, impatient, feeble and foolish: and experience has declared them to be inconstant, variable, cruel and lacking the spirit of counsel and leadership.”   – John Knox (16th Century)

 “A woman ought not to teach because she is more easily deceived, and more easily deceives.”  – John Wesley (18th Century)

(Quotes above from powerpoint used by Broxy Cavey https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5cMT-rabw3U&t=236s )

Not every position is to be disregarded because someone speaks carelessly on the issue.  We will see more of misstatements in the future on both sides.  My guess is that our churches will deal with this polarity for at least another generation with some of those awkward moments.  It is our impatience that wants a universal answer right now.  How we show our character while wrestling with the issue may be more telling.

May God give us patience and discernment in how we treat one another.  May the fruit of the Spirit be our goal more than that of ‘being right’.

Your co-worker,  Dennis

Leadership Tugs

Many of us taught officially and unofficially a leader must lead.  In other words, stick your neck out, speak out, set a path for others to follow, plan, plot and set your objectives.  The structure of authority most of us were born into involved obeying parents, obeying teachers, and obeying bosses.  This bred a desire in many of us to reach that goal of climbing the ladder – being able to be rulers.  Part of that fits Jesus economy, but part of it does not.

Jesus took another position when he taught His disciples in Matthew 20:25-26, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. Not so with you.”  At this point Jesus emphasizes the greater importance of taking the role of a servant.

I was reading in a book by fellow Canadian Len Hjalmarson (“Broken Futures”) that leadership should be less about progress and more about process.  The process to which he alludes includes listening to the community.  Listening and teaching people to listen will ultimately mean more engagement and involvement.  This posture may be helpful in being a better servant-leader, but there is an even deeper element we must wrestle with to be better disciples.

That deeper element is to let the Spirit of God investigate our heart for the pride that may be rooted there.  If we are in any position of leadership there is the tug to prove oneself worthy of the role, the tug to make something of one’s opportunity, the tug to be seen as prosperous in the job, the tug to be esteemed by others, or even the tug to show oneself one’s own worthiness through obvious accomplishments.

Somehow in life we get lost and we can forget the phrase in Philippians that Jesus ‘made Himself nothing’.  (Okay, those of you with your Greek lexicons out, just put them away for a minute … I know this emphasis can go too far.)   Jesus faced all the same tugs/temptations, He wrestled with the opportunity to show Himself for who He was before His time.  For the true Christian servant, all of us need to take a step back from the ‘tugs’ of life and realize the temptation is often for something to happen ‘now’ … and for the ‘how it looks to others’ perspective.  Faithfulness reveals itself over time.

God calls us to know Him, to faithful service, to be obedient and to have a heart of service, no matter what things look like to others.  I think we will be surprised who in fact hears the ‘well done, good and faithful servant’.  It may be the single parent down the street, or the quiet elderly couple who need walkers to get around, or the believer who is also a Walmart greeter.  Our sense of what it means to be successful needs to get separated from that subtle pull of pride deep within us.

Let’s take steps to be better servants by accurately assessing and dealing with the pride that is deep within us.

Your co-worker, Dennis


The season is here where we remember the resurrection.  In my view the best theologian on this subject apart from Jesus during His earthly ministry was Martha.  At one point we have her telling Jesus about the resurrection (John 11:24).   At that point she is disappointed Jesus was late in responding to Lazarus’ sickness … too late was her conclusion.  Relying on what she knew, she was judgmental.  In her mind Jesus should have been there sooner, hope was lost, a life was now gone!

Now there are great advantages of gaining knowledge.  I am extremely thankful for the privilege of sitting under good teaching on many topics in my life, including an awesome amount of Biblical training through the years.  I can add to that the personal preaching and teaching experiences of my life that have added to that data.  On one level I am ready to argue theology until the cows come home, armed with resources to ‘give an answer to anyone’.  Now that stance, however, can make me feel comfortable and smug because I know the answers.  I also now feel as if I know how churches ‘should’ operate, how preaching ‘should’ be done, and how others ‘should’ behave.  Unfortunately if I let those ‘shoulds’ get in the way I can become hindered in further learning, argumentative, critical of others in their ministry, distant in relationships, as well as too fast to speak and too slow to listen.

This Winter I have audited a course on Islam at King’s University College with a teacher who is a moderate Shi’a Imam.  I have mostly sat silent learning about an area previously unfamiliar to me.   It has involved middle Eastern history, the development of Islamic thought, and a sense of what is more normal for Muslim people.  (Sure there are fanatics, but Christians have had many of their own over the years.)  The class has not changed my theology at all, but I have been amazed how ignorant I have been.  I was previously loaded up with stereotypes that would have kept me from speaking openly and without reserve to Muslim people.  Unexpectedly I’ve learned much about myself in the midst of this class.  Now I hope I can enter better conversations with these people in my own neighbourhood.  I think I could even commend many pieces of their practices and beliefs and not come across as overly biased and judgmental.  An actual meaningful conversation can now take place.  There is still lots I do not know about Islam, but much of my irrational fear has disappeared.

Our own learning can keep us from truly listening to others.  This might be from our own children, our spouse, our employers, or another pastor/teacher.  Recent studies by Ambrose’s Joel Thiessen show that Christians are known by average Canadians as judgmental.  People often close us out because of their stereotypes, but I’ve had my own through the years.

Can I change how the average Canadian sees me?  Can I be known instead by my love, my grace, and my listening ears?   I trust I can do this while showing an unwavering faith in the Resurrection of Jesus and His current work in me.

Your ever learning co-worker,  Dennis

P.S.:  Celebrate the Risen Jesus!

Can You Let Go Of The Baby?

The statistics continue to show the general aging of pastors serving churches.  One recent study stated that over the past 25 years the average age of a senior pastor in the USA has risen from 45 to 54.  Consciously or unconsciously as a pastor ages everyone connected quietly thinks, “when is he or she going to retire?”  So we have more and more churches, church boards and pastors beginning to talk about this and thinking intentionally about the transition out.

There are so many facets to consider in the transition of a well-loved retiring pastor who has been perceived to be successful.  Factors include the following:

  • Rural or Urban: A rural retiring pastor may be linked to the community because of the employment of a spouse, location of children and grandchildren, value of current home, value of established friendships in the community.  It may be hard for a retiring pastor to consider going to a different church as options may be few or of different traditions that his or her own.  An urban pastor may more easily find another church to attend, but it will not be like his or her own.
  • Stay or go: If a pastor stays in their church after retirement there can be difficulties.  The level of difficulty depends on the pastor’s ability to settle in and be supportive of new leadership.  In candidating for the pastorate almost every pastor will say they are a ‘team worker’, when in fact many are not.  Some are self-deceived and do not have accurate self-knowledge.  The same is true of retiring pastors who think their presence will not be an imposition on the new leader or new leadership in the church they used to pastor.  Many who stay end up being grumpy, perhaps even bitter cynics.
  • Plan succession or let things go: Plans while a pastor is still in place can be good, but I would caution against being too committed to them too early.  Personally I have seen several situations where an associate was hired with a view to having that person become the senior pastor, but seldom has that plan worked out.  It is not the norm for an associate or a youth pastor to become that church’s senior pastor at a later date.  Churches are more likely to want some new skills, a new presence and they resist having what they have already had to date.  It may be best for a pastor to ‘let go’ of their ministry and to commit its future to God.  Likely the fruit of a pastor’s discipleship over the years will reveal itself.  If good principles have been passed down, then the remaining leadership will make good choices.  After His resurrection Jesus left his work to a dozen men who were not united, were of questionable experience, and wrestled with what to do next.  Often leadership succession feels like that to the one stepping down or retiring.

I know having left ministries before that it is hard to watch from a distance the decisions of a former church.  You have loved those people and invested yourself into that ministry.  For whatever the reason God now has a different path for them.  Even in my current role I’m thinking more intentionally about having some people grab onto the principles of this position, but I will not be appointing my successor, whenever that is done.  I too will have to let go.  For this season let me not coast … let me be helpful to the Kingdom!

Your co-worker,  Dennis


No, I Don’t Agree With You, But ….

In life we cannot go very many minutes without running up against someone who has an opinion contrary to our own.  We might see it in the paper, hear it on the radio, watch it on the television, possibly absorb it from our kids, sense it in advertisements, and glean it from clerks at the store.  The feeling of wanting to stop the world at some point and set others straight is a common experience, especially when we feel like we are in touch with the heart of God.

I too have to cool myself down on minor or even major confrontations to my values.  The verses of 1 Peter 3:15-16 have had special meaning to me lately.  You may have it memorized, but hear it anew:   “But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord.  Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect, keeping a clear conscience, so that those who speak maliciously against your good behavior in Christ may be ashamed of their slander (- NIV).”  Historically for me I’ve placed these verses as a shield about me for when I feel formally attacked for my beliefs.  It can certainly be applied that way, but more often in my spirit I feel attacked by informal encroachments upon my values.  I think there is something here for me in terms of how I handle myself in those moments.

The part that sticks out to me is “do this with gentleness and respect, keeping a clear conscience”.  If in my spirit and attitude or words I fight back hoping to dominate as though I have an argument to win, then I lose.  I need first to have gentleness, respect and a clear conscience.  The verse says I am to be ready to give a reason, but it is not my duty to convince an opponent.  My opponents are ultimately accountable to God themselves.  If my words convince them of my position I will indeed be pleased.  But if my words are void of gentleness, respect and a clear conscience, then something is truly wrong.  Dare I forget the challenge to ‘love your enemies’?  The internal attitudes reflecting the fruit of the Spirit in the inevitable challenges of opponents speaks volumes for the Kingdom.

Another challenge in these verses is to be sure your behaviour does not give others the privilege of slander against me or against the Lord Himself.  In the moments we feel challenged are the very times we need to breathe, pray, request the Spirit’s filling, then respond with attitude, then think of what words God might give.  The truth sets us free, but it does not set us free to release attitudes that reflect badly on His name or His work within us.

May God help us all to be known for shining forth ‘love, joy, peace, patience ….”

Your co-worker,  Dennis

The Walk

Think again about the common Biblical phrase of King David, “… though I walk through the valley of the shadow ….”

In an age where we get everything immediately, so much so that we complain when our download speed does not make images appear in nanoseconds, we forget that trials often need a ‘walk mentality’.  The three year old at the table may want what they want right now, and make a scene while stating their case, but a mature being should not take that posture.

In prayer we often want immediate healing, an immediate job opportunity, an immediate influx of cash, an immediate removal of an addiction issue, and this list could go on and on.

Who would ever stand in their garden, plant a seed and water it, then stand by five minutes later and question anxiously why they do not see results?  Sorry but some things take time and some beautiful twists by God’s hand are only to be experienced with patience.

Josiah was a good king of Judah who set things right after several faltering generations on the throught, and he honoured God and especially the Word of God.  What he walked into was a kingdom reaping the judgment of God on Solomon.  Solomon did not see the dividing of his empire, but God is faithful and he judges fairly.  So Josiah could not fix Solomon or the rescue the ten tribes already in Assyrian exile, but he could fix things in his own backyard.  That is what he did … and it took years.

So can I walk through my next anxious moment?  Maybe if my faith is strong at the moment.  I will fall and expect immediate results from time to time.  But my God is in this for the long haul.  The effects of Jesus resurrection reigns 2000 years later and is destined to continue bringing results, and it followed the commitment of ‘Not My will, but Yours be done’.  God knows the timing for the end of my problems, but my petty issues are so small compared to the greatness of our reward for cleaving to Jesus with patience. May we trust in Him!

Your co-worker,   Dennis